This page is an entry in the Key.

swing, tilt

1. Photographs are NOT disqualified from rinairs or from TCQ...

. . . if “swing” (pivoting the focus plane from side to side) or “tilt” (pivoting the focus plane up and down) are used during the exposure to render prominent areas of the photograph MORE in focus.

2. However, if “swing” or “tilt” or software simulations of them are used to render prominent areas of the photograph LESS in focus (“the toy city” look),

. . . then the result is always disqualified from Q7 and from TCQ, no matter how it is presented and explained.

See also the entry on “contraswing and contratilt” here.

Why do rinairs and TCQ allow #1 but not #2?